Integral Transpersonal Journal of arts, sciences and technologies – NUMBER IX, September 2017
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GIOVANNA CALABRESE, M.D., Ph.D.
ITJ editor directorIn this era of a return to religious fundamentalism I think that we must be aware that fundamentalism can hide everywhere, even in the field of human science. From my background in Academia I know that very often there is a sort of servility and flattery towards department directors and executive chiefs. However the scientific approach requiring empirical testing of hypothesis has always been a guarantee against the principle of authority. This was the principle on which Galileo was convicted by the pope, as his hypothesis was against what the Bible says and Aristotle, a philosopher confirmed. This same position is a very dangerous trap into which some transpersonal theories can fall. As ITJ director and EUROTAS board member I would like to see more critical positions towards some transpersonal theories. I would like to urge students and young psychotherapists and health care professionals to “kill the master.” Meet The Master And Kill Him EDITORIAL click to download… ABSTRACT Do We Need Crisis to Evolve? From Victimhood to Discipleship BERNADETTE BLIN, Ph.D. As individuals, we all experience crisis in our lives. This can be the opportunity for a personal journey from being a victim to becoming a disciple. Our society is also facing deep crisis. Is humanity going to die or be reborn? What is the evolutionary process made possible through crisis? The caterpillar becomes a butterfly through the collapse of the old structure and the emergence of a new one. This metamorphosis is possible due to the awakening of imaginal cells held dormant within the caterpillar. Is humanity also entering a process of collective transformation to initiate a new world based on transpersonal values and vision? KEYWORDS Crisis, caterpillar, butterfly, transpersonal values, breathe, transformation. ABSTRACT The Emergence of the Field of Transpersonal Psychology STEVEN HERRMANN, Ph.D., MFT. In this paper taken from a Seminar given to students and faculty at Sophia University the author asserts that, in order to understand the roots of the field of transpersonal psychology, we have to begin with William James, and from there proceed to unpack the meanings of the word überpersönlich in C. G. Jung’s writings to get at his proper meanings. What it suggests is that Jung’s empirical attitude was shaped significantly by James’s pragmatism. The paper looks at the origins of a number of different concepts including the “the wonderful stream of our consciousness”, the “subliminal door”, and “individuation” in James’s writings, as well as James’s ongoing battle with the notion of the Absolute. Abraham Maslow’s contributions and Roberto Assagioli’s are also considered so as to encompass the fullness of the “fourth force” of psychology. Three of Jung’s maps of the soul are examined and a significant vocational dream that gave Jung his theory of the collective (transpersonal) unconscious and the archetypes is presented; Jung had this important dream shortly after his first meeting with James in 1909. Another ancestor of the field of transpersonal studies that the paper quotes from at length is Swami Vivekananda, who met William James on two occasions, a second time at Harvard University, where James was teaching. The paper explores the concepts of the “subconscious self” in James, the “Self” in Jung, and the “Absolute” in Vivekananda’s writings. Another important notion that is explored in-depth is the superconscious in the writings of all three writers. A misunderstanding that Jung did not have a notion of the superconscious in his theory of the transpersonal psyche is cleared up by the author. The paper advocates for a non-dual attitude to challenge misconceptions and also looks at some of the possible limitations of Jamesian pragmatism and analytical psychology vis a vis Vivekananda’s views on meditation. All in all, the aim of the paper is to promote a scientific exploration into the depths of the unconscious and the superconscious Self by forming a bridge between Eastern and Western viewpoints in modern psychology that is essentially non-dual. KEYWORDS Subliminal Door, transpersonal unconscious, subconscious self, Self, relative, Absolute, spiritual democracy, superconscious. ABSTRACT The Holistic Mind: The Necessity Of A New Epistemology GIOACCHINO PAGLIARO, MA.; LINDA MARCONI, MA. In the second half of the last century the continuous development of hypotheses, theories and models from different disciplines has made several changes in the epistemological structure of cognitive science. This profoundly changed the mechanistic vision of the previous accepted model. The birth of a holistic epistemological paradigm-that considers the human body as a network of integrated communication- increases its relevance in Western scientific world, embracing a vision of close interconnection and interdependence between mind and body. The epistemology of complexity is the fundamental starting point for a proper study of human being and of human knowledge. In addition, it represents a meeting point between Eastern medical tradition and the current scientific conceptions from quantum physics, favoring the integration of care and prevention systems in psychology and medicine. KEYWORDS Epistemology, complexity, holism, extended mind, quantum physics. ABSTRACT The Accidental Hypothesis ANDREY KUSKOV, Dr. Ing. The modification of consciousness and the possibility of using its results for the purpose of cognition. At the heart of the article lies the story of how events in the author’s life led him to the necessity of work with his own conciousness and later to unexpected independent research in a professsional field far from his expertise. The conclusion of the work is the emergence of the hypothesis about the physical rationale of the origin and presence of life in the Universe, which relates to cosmic anthropoecology. The result of the hypothesis confirms the necessity of developing a global information strategy of ecology. KEY WORDS Anthropic, anthropoecology, consciousness, ecosystem, universe. ABSTRACT Duality To Unity: A Heuristic Exploration Of The Experience Of Being The Other DWIGHT TURNER, Ph.D. Centred in the afro-centric spiritual belief that relationship to the other is a path to wholeness my research asserts that we all have an experience of being other. Combining heuristic research methods with creative techniques common to Transpersonal psychotherapy, my belief is that by working with one’s unconscious experience as the outsider metaphorically and symbolically it is possible to access spiritual wholeness. Following Moustakas’ heuristic stages, this researcher therefore undertook a six-month study into his own experience as other. As well as the recording of dreams and creative exercises designed to access the deeper symbolic experience as other, this researcher also undertook 4 ‘self-interviews’ designed to challenge his own resistance to entering the shadow. During the interviews visualisations, bodywork and drawing were used to understand the internalised experience as other, whilst sand tray work, common to play therapy, utilised symbolism and metaphor to express the unconscious experience as other via projection. By observing the products of the interviews and the creative exercises through the lens of an alchemical process, it was found that working heuristically with one’s experience as other is a route towards better relationship with self and others. KEYWORDS Transpersonal, difference, diversity, creativity, individuation