Integral Transpersonal Journal of arts,
sciences and technologies –
NUMBER XIV, May 2020

 

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Exploring Experience as a Myriad Richness: Micro-phenomenology as a Transformative Approach to Research

Magali Ollagnier-Beldame, Ph.D.

 

ABSTRACT

Over the last twenty years, researches within cognitive sciences

has massively grown in the field of the ways of knowing. For

instance, in recent years, the paradigm of 4-E cognition suggests

that cognition involves the whole body, as well as the situation

of the body in the environment. This article argues that a firstperson

approach enriches the understanding of the ways of knowing

in their complexity – particularly by seeking to re-question

classical dichotomies – through the re-integration of subjective

experience. In the heart of first-person epistemology, the microphenomenological

interview – based on the explicitation interview

– consists in “guided retrospective introspections”, and allows

to scientifically access subjective experience. This technique

relies on the epoché – the suspension of judgement – a process

at first investigated by philosophers that was made accessible

to psychology to empirically investigate and study subjective

experience. How does the epoché happen? What concrete acts make it

up? More broadly, what is the relationship between the epoché and

embodiment? This paper sheds lights on possible relations between

researches describing concrete practices of the Husserlian epoché

and Gendlin’s work concerning the process of Focusing, which aims

at accessing the inner felt sense of experience. The process of

Focusing, is a way of paying attention to one’s being-in-the-world,

one’s interaction as it is experienced through the individual (but

not separate) body. We will especially consider the process of

“clearing a space” that Gendlin describes, as well as the rupture

that occurs during the “bodily felt shift” which can be compared

to the conversion happening within the process of epoché. Finally,

we discuss how our proposition can allow the construction of new

models of knowledge processes, the challenge of such a proposal

being not only epistemological, but also ethical and societal.

 

KEYWORDS

Subjective experience, embodiment, micro-phenomenology, epoché,

focusing.

Engaging the Transformative Potential of Short Film-making toward Critical Awareness and Transpersonal Growth amongst Post-school Youth

Wendy Smidt, BA, MA

 

ABSTRACT

This ongoing study focuses on a fundamental understanding of

researcher awareness, through the synthesis of interdisciplinary

and traditional research methods. An arts-based inquiry (Finley,

2006; Sullivan, 2005; Turner, 2015) will be employed as a

methodological enhancement to developmental phenomenography (Green

& Bowden, 2009). A devised short film-making initiative intends to

persuade both the participants and audience to revisit their figured

worlds (Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner & Cain, 1998; Nash, Kent &

Reid, 2014) by actively questioning what they perceive. Becoming

critically aware of diverse perspectives may call into question

a singular, conformist point of view, represented by mainstream

traditional research. Multiple theories and methods can provide

a more comprehensive understanding of young adults’ perceptions

from various perspectives. Freire (1970, 1972), Greene (2001), and

Allsup’s theories are used to develop a potentially transformative

learning space for a sample of five conveniently selected postschool

participants with Dance, Drama and Music experience. For the

individuals who will participate in this study, ‘transformation’

may not only indicate imagining alternative scenarios (Allsup,

2003; Greene, 2001) but entering new figured worlds (Holland et

al., 1998; Nash et al., 2014) through critical reflection on their

situations instead.

 

KEYWORDS

Arts-based inquiry, critical awareness, critical citizenship,

developmental phenomenography, figured worlds, post-school youth,

short film-making, transformative learning, transpersonal growth.

 

Open Awareness Inquiry. Introducing Applied Open Awareness as an Inquiry Method for Researchers to Engage the Transformative Dimensions of Consciousness

Jevon Dangeli, Ph.D.

 

ABSTRACT

This article introduces Open Awareness Inquiry – a participatory

process that may aid qualitative researchers in the context of

exploring the transpersonal and transformative dimensions of

consciousness. Researchers will gain insight into the theory and

application of Open Awareness (OA) Inquiry as a potential resource

in qualitative research.

Characteristics of OA include rapport and mutual resonance (Bandler

& Grinder, 1976; Siegel, 2013), a participatory perspective (Ferrer

& Sherman, 2011), mindfulness (Siegel 2010), empathy (Watson,

2004), and a state of conscious awareness that moves individuals

and groups away from a fixated tunnel awareness, to a state of

openness, receptivity and equanimity (Dangeli & Geldenhuys, 2018).

These characteristics indicate that OA may be beneficial in all

three stages of research, as described by Anderson and Braud

(2011). The authors encourage optimising a “context of discovery”

in these stages of the research (2011, p. 189). By virtue of its

inherent characteristics, OA promotes such a context of discovery.

 

KEYWORDS

Awareness, mind, consciousness, skills, potential, aperture.

Virginia Satir’s Transformational Systemic Therapy: A Transpersonal Approach to Family Therapy

Stéphanie Larrue, MA, PhD. (Cand.), Kelly A. Kilrea, Ph.D.

 

ABSTRACT

The work of Virginia Satir, a pioneer family therapist, is

examined as a transpersonal approach to family therapy. Ways in

which transpersonal perspectives may be applied in family therapy

are explored in Satir’s notions of grounding and centering, the

evolving and transcending concept of congruence using the Self/I

AM concept in the Satir iceberg model, as well as the Satir

conceptualization of the therapist’s use of self. Aspects of

transpersonal psychotherapy relevant to the practice of family

therapy are examined, including the creation of a transpersonal

space of trust in order to strengthen the therapeutic alliance,

going beyond meaning in working with the family system to apply

transpersonal (e.g. nondual psychotherapeutic) approaches

to the therapist’s use of self in therapy. A discussion of

intersubjectivity and the role of the beingness of the family

therapist in promoting transcendence, awareness, and healing for

the family is included. Satir family therapy is consistent with

transpersonal psychotherapeutic perspectives and is therefore

recommended as a prospective family therapy modality for the

transpersonally-oriented psychotherapist.

 

KEYWORDS

Satir, Family Therapy, Transpersonal Psychology, Transpersonal

Psychotherapy, Transcendence, Consciousness, Transformation,

Intersubjectivity, Nondual Psychotherapy.

For a Definition of Gratitude, in Order to Study its Correlation with Well-being and Self Transcendence

Sheena Necole McMahon, MS, PhD(c)

ABSTRACT

This paper provides a definition for gratitude and for trait

gratitude. It also describes several useful measurement tools to

study gratitude and states how gratitude relates to personality

characteristics. In addition, current gratitude research is

reviewed and future research questions are proposed. Not only is

gratitude associated with well-being but also with sleep quality,

dematerialization, social skills, coping skills, and spirituality.

An advanced understanding of this emotion and/or affective trait

could provide insight into how to live a happy, productive, and

fulfilling life.

 

KEYWORDS

Gratitude, wellbeing, behavior, mindfulness, optimism.

Psychedelic Properties of Peganum Harmala: Macrodose and Microdose Reports

Michael Doty, MA, PhD(c), LMFTA, KAP

 

ABSTRACT

Peganum harmala has been used for millennia in traditional medicine

and religious rites. Recent phytopharmaceutical research has given

credence to its traditional uses, demonstrating a wide range of

potential therapeutic uses, including its use as antidepressant

and anxiolytic agent. Entheogenic at high doses, P. harmala can

create profound psychedelic experiences with lasting positive

effects that echo those seen in research on other psychedelics.

Anecdotal evidence from online forums suggests P. harmala may be

able to provide results similar to microdosing other psychedelics,

though no research exists on this potential. This paper presents

the first evidence of P. harmala’s effects when used in a daily

microdosing protocol.

 

KEYWORDS

Peganum harmala, Syrian rue, macrodose, microdose, EEG, psychedelic,

entheogen, affect, burnout, extraction.

The Listening VOICE: a Journey of Shamanic Initiation

Sven Doehner, Ph.D., MFA

 

ABSTRACT

The focus and principle interest of this essay, called The

Listening Voice, is The Art of Transformation. My approach

recognizes the overlap that clearly exists between the Alchemical

Psychology articulated by C.G. Jung and James Hillman, and the

native ancestral wisdom kept alive to this day in what we now call

Shamanism. Both offer laws, principles and practices to guide the

individual in search of the kind of transformation that brings

about the appearance of the most essential and authentic aspects

of their true nature.

While practicing these “arts”, I recognized how both traditions

work in concrete and imaginative ways with the energy that

underlies what has been materialized, what we psychologically call

“symptoms”. Given that energy manifests as vibration, and that

the most direct way of working with vibration is sound, and that

the sound coming out of our own being is the sound that is most

transformative, I recalled my own experiences with the discoveries

of Alfred Wolfsohn – who healed himself of deep trauma involving

auditory hallucinations by working with his own voice – to bring

the vocal practices into the work to dissolve knots, to open

psychic spaces, and to give explicit palpable shape to subtle

things waiting and wanting to take on concrete form and reality

in our lives.

This essay shares my discoveries, and makes practical suggestions

for developing and nurturing a Listening Voice, which is

unmistakably transformative.

 

KEYWORDS

Transformation, listening, awakening, Shamanism, imagination,

emotions.

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